Akayunguruzo keza ni iki?

Hariho ubwoko butatu bwa optique muyunguruzi: muyunguruzi ngufi, muyunguruzi ndende, no kuyungurura.Akayunguruzo gato kayungurura yemerera uburebure bugufi burenze uburebure bwaciwe-bwo kunyuramo, mugihe bihuza uburebure burebure.Ibinyuranye, akayunguruzo karekure kwohereza uburebure burebure burenze gukata-kumurongo mugihe uhagarika uburebure buke.Akayunguruzo kayunguruzo ni akayunguruzo kareka urwego runaka, cyangwa "band", yuburebure bwumurongo kugirango unyure, ariko ugahuza uburebure bwose bwumurongo uzengurutse umurongo.Akayunguruzo ka monochromatique nikibazo gikabije cya bande ya filteri, yohereza gusa intera ndende cyane yuburebure.

Akayunguruzo keza gashobora kohereza igice kimwe cya optique, mugihe wanze ibindi bice.Bikunze gukoreshwa muri microscopi, spectroscopy, gusesengura imiti, no kureba imashini.
Akayunguruzo keza ni ibikoresho byoroheje byemerera ihererekanyabubasha ryumurongo wihariye cyangwa umurongo wuburebure bwurumuri.Hariho ibyiciro bibiri bya optique muyunguruzi ifite uburyo butandukanye bwo gukora: gushungura no gushungura.
Akayunguruzo kayunguruzo gafite igikoresho kama kama kama kama kama kama yumurambararo wumucyo, bityo bigatuma uburebure bwifuzwa bwanyuramo.Kubera ko zikurura ingufu zoroheje, ubushyuhe bwiyi filteri bwiyongera mugihe gikora.Nibintu byungurura byoroshye kandi birashobora kongerwaho plastike kugirango bishungure bidahenze kuruta ibirahuri byabo.Imikorere yiziyungurura ntabwo ishingiye ku mfuruka yumucyo wabaye ahubwo ishingiye kumiterere yibikoresho bigize akayunguruzo.Nkigisubizo, nibyiza gushungura kugirango bikoreshe mugihe hagaragajwe urumuri rwuburebure butifuzwa rushobora gutera urusaku mubimenyetso bya optique.
Akayunguruzo ka Dichroic karagoye cyane mubikorwa byabo.Zigizwe nuruhererekane rwibikoresho bya optique bifite uburebure bwuzuye bugenewe kwerekana uburebure bwumuraba udashaka no kohereza intera yifuzwa.Ibi bigerwaho muguteza uburebure bwumurongo wifuzwa kubangamira byubaka kuruhande rwikwirakwizwa rya filteri, mugihe ubundi burebure bwumurongo bubangamira byubaka kuruhande rwo kwerekana akayunguruzo.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Kanama-02-2021